Alopecia in dogs is a disorder that causes them to lose one or a large part of their hair. This disease can affect the immune system, lymphatic system, and endocrine system. More seriously, they will seriously affect the skin of the dogs. In this article, we will show some causes and treatments for Alopecia in dogs.
Related post: Facial Swelling in Dogs.
Symptoms of Alopecia
Alopecia in dogs is usually very easy to recognize. Their feature is symmetrical or asymmetric shedding. It can also manifest as patchy shedding accompanied by scabs and inflammation around the hair loss area. The skin where the hair is shed will be red and slightly peeling, causing direct damage to the dog.
Some dog breeds that are known to be susceptible to Alopecia are Alaskan Malamutes (hair loss after haircuts), Bichon Frises (post-injection alopecia), Boston (patchy alopecia and baldness), Chihuahua (alopecia) leg hair, follicular dysplasia, and baldness), Chesapeake Bay Retrievers (cystic dysplasia),…
What Is The Severity of Alopecia in Dogs?
However, according to the degree of hair loss of the dog, it is possible to determine the severity of each dog. However, if left untreated for a long time, it will affect the health and longevity of the dog.
Causes of Alopecia
The main cause of Alopecia is the Demodex beetle. In addition, hair loss is caused by a disruption in the hair follicle development process. If the dog loses a lot of hair in patches, it is a sign of folliculitis.
There are three common causes of Alopecia:
– Loss of hair in areas, in large patches: The cause of this condition is a fungus that appears on the skin. It can also be due to an infection or bacterial infection. Another cause is scleroderma.
– Symmetrical hair loss: The leading cause of this condition is excessive steroid secretion. The thyroid gland is too low and loses hair due to the sudden drop in testosterone levels in them.
– Body hair loss: Scabies is the main cause of this condition in dogs. It is also due to ringworm or bacterial infection.
How To Treat Hair Loss In Dogs?
Usually, when dogs show signs of hair loss. It is best to take them to the vet to determine the exact cause of the disease.
Veterinarians will try to determine its cause by applying some of the following measures to diagnose hair loss in dogs. They may need a skin scraping to look for parasites, a physical exam, blood tests, and a skin culture or biopsy to find out the reason for the hair loss. Some forms of hair loss have no specific test, but they are usually diagnosed after ruling out other reasons.
Since there, they can give the most accurate treatment.
Currently, veterinarians often treat hormone levels. In addition, there are now products on the market that can treat hair loss in the early stages. Lotuses often treat their hair loss with lotions, antibiotics, and ointments that are applied to the dog’s wounds.
However, you should monitor and care for your dog carefully so that they do not get an infection.
Prevention of Alopecia
Alopecia areata itself is not contagious, but a number of reasons can cause it. If a parasitic, bacterial, or fungal infection is the reason for hair loss, it can be passed on to other pets as well as people.
Using parasite control and making sure not to wear hair accessories that are too tight are the best ways to prevent these types of avoidable hair loss. Other types of hair loss caused by genetic or autoimmune causes cannot be prevented but can be reduced for future generations by selective breeding.
With this Alopecia disease, there are often very few measures to prevent it. The best way, you should clean your dog’s daily items and utensils. Along with that are a clean bath and a reasonable diet for them to have the best health.
Hopefully, the above article has provided you with extra information about Alopecia in dogs, and assist you in taking the best possible care of your canine friend.
In general, when keeping a pet, owners face a lot of unexpected problems that arise. Even the healthiest dog breeds are susceptible to skin diseases, such as Alopecia or skin cancer, etc. Read more about skin cancer in dogs.